In 1975, the Khmer Rouge set up an agricultural communist society. Their goal was to establish a society without social classes and exploitation. That’s ostensibly why they banned money, the free market, schooling, and the country’s culture. They also annihilated any intellectuals who spoke a foreign language or who had studied similar things. As a result, today more than 30% of the adult population is illiterate (UNDP).
The latest statistics from UNESCO, in 2013, state that 31% of the country’s population is less than 14 years old. Consequently, the future of the country, independently of its resources, rests with education. Cambodia is in a transitional phrase, but the government Budget for the educational sector only makes up 2.6% of the GDP and has only been raised 1% in the last 10 years.
The statistics state that almost 30,000 children between 6 and 12 years old did not go to school in 2012. For those older than 12, the number goes up to 220,000.
This is one of the reasons why Cambodia was ranked 136 of 187 countries in 2014 on the PNUD Human Rights Index.
The main challenge that children face, which convinced us to develop this project, is the difficulty in accessing basic education.
In recent years, basic education has been extended across Cambodia and enrolment rates have risen. But in the twenty-first century it is still a challenge to achieve regular attendance by students and the completion of primary education.
The continuation of child field labour and lack of schooling is reflected in the economic instability of Cambodian families. This results in insufficient resources for obtaining food and, at the same time, affects children’s health and concentration at school and, consequently, their future.
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